This project was sparked by a single image—an 1830s painting by Johann Friedrich Waldeck—of a man striding up a mountain with a chair strapped to his back, carrying another man who is clothed in white with delicate boots. These chairs, called silleros, were used in colonial-era Guatemala and neighbouring regions to carry explorers, settlers, and even artists quite literally on the backs of Indigenous people. The painting, a self-portrait by the artist being carted up the mountain, reveals a stark division of class and labour. Figueroa’s configuration of cast aluminum versions of the chairs (also reminiscent of 1920s de Stijl design) imply another possible choreography—one that empties the chair of its colonial power.

Commissioned by the Toronto Biennial of Art.


Naufus Ramírez-Figueroa (born and lives in Guatemala City, Guatemala) received a BFA in Media Arts from Emily Carr Institute of Art + Design, Vancouver and MFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Working in drawing, performance, sculpture, and video, Ramírez-Figueroa explores his own displacement during and following the Guatemalan Civil War of 1960–96. Borrowing from the languages of folklore, science fiction, and theatre, he reframes historical events and protagonists.

Exhibition Site

Small Arms Inspection Building

1352 Lakeshore Road East
Mississauga ON
L5E 1E9