Chicago first turned to pyrotechnics in the late 1960s in an effort to feminize the atmosphere at a time when the California art scene was male-dominated. Between 1968 and 1974, she executed a series of increasingly complex firework pieces that involved site-specific performances around California. The photographs in the Atmospheres series transform and soften their surrounding landscapes, introducing a feminine impulse into the environment. With a team of friends, Chicago began to create more ambitious projects that transformed beaches, parks, forests, deserts, construction sites, and museums with whirling plumes of brilliant colour that were organized according to the principles she developed in order to use colour as a metaphor for emotive states.

Chicago’s photographs are accompanied by Women and Smoke: California, 1971-1972, a video compilation of Atmospheres. These performances emerged in parallel with the rise of Land Art in the 1960s and ‘70s, a movement that Chicago critiqued as being hyper-masculine and founded on large-scale interventions into the earth. The atmospheres initially took place in cracks and fissures in the land, the smoke softening the landscape and eventually disappearing altogether.

This project is made possible with the generous support of Smokestack.


The work of Judy Chicago (born in Chicago, IL, USA; lives in Belen, NM, USA) has been included in noteworthy thematic exhibitions such as: The World Goes Pop, Tate Modern, London, 2015; Ends of the Earth—Land Art to 1974, Haus der Kunst, Munich, 2012; and Pacific Standard Time: Art in L.A., Hammer Museum, 2011. In 2018 ICA Miami presented the major survey Judy Chicago: A Reckoning, and in September 2019 The End: A Meditation on Death and Extinctionopens at the National Museum for Women in the Arts, Washington, D.C. alongside the release of a monograph of the artist’s work published by Scala.


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    By Public Transportation:

    GO Transit: From Union Station, take the Lakeshore West GO Train to Long Branch Station (runs every 15 minutes), then walk 12 minutes to SAIB.

    TTC: The 501 streetcar travels west along Queen St to Lake Shore Blvd, ending at the Long Branch Loop – a 12 minute walk to SAIB.

    By Car: Take the Gardner Expressway W, then use the middle lane to take exit 139 toward Brown’s Line. Keep left, follow signs to continue onto Brown’s Line. Continue straight, then make a slight right onto Lake Shore Blvd W. Turn left at Dixie Rd/Peel Regional Road 4 N.

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